Formacja integralna kandydatów do kapłaństwa w świetle nowego RATIO FUNDAMENTALIS INSTITUTIONIS SACERDOTALIS

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Strona: 405 - 430

Publikacja w numerze Rok XXIII (2017) nr 50

Autor Ryszard Selejdak (Kongregacja ds Duchowieństwa, Watykan)


Integrated Formation of Candidates for the Priesthood in Light of the New Ratio Fundamentalis Institutionis Sacerdotalis


 The last Ratio Fundamentalis Institutionis Sacerdotalis was published in 1970 and updated in 1985. In the meantime, and particularly under the effect of the rapid changes in the modern world, the historical, socio-cultural and ecclesial contexts have changed, in which the priest is called to make manifest the mission of Christ and the Church. This has also led to significant changes in related matters: the image or the view of the priest, the spiritual needs of the People of God, the challenges of the new evangelisation, the languages of communication, to name just a few. In this situation, it seemed that priestly formation needed to be relaunched, renewed and returned to the centre. On 8 December 2016, therefore, the Congregation for the Clergy published the new Ratio Fundamentalis Institutionis Sacerdotalis, a tool for the formation of priests. It has taken up the contents, methods and approaches presented so far in the field of formation, updating them and introducing new elements. The document restates the guidelines offered in the Apostolic Exhortation Pastores Dabo Vobis regarding an integrated formation, capable of uniting in a balanced way the human, spiritual, intellectual and pastoral dimensions, by way of a pedagogical, gradual and personalised journey. In this integrated formation, intellectual formation has a particular importance. The professors, especially those teaching theological disciplines, are called not only to convey to the candidates for the priesthood a complete and correct theological doctrine, but also to demonstrate the close relationship between theology, the spiritual life and the pastoral ministry. In order to become a good shepherd of the People of God, and to have a compassionate and merciful heart of Christ, the future priest should have a solid intellectual preparation as well as a proven human, spiritual and pastoral maturity.

Keywords: Ratio Fundamentalis Institutionis Sacerdotalis, Ratio Nationalis, Ordo Studiorum, common priesthood of the faithful, ministerial priesthood, priestly identity, seminarians, formators, integrated formation, initial and ongoing formation, „propedeutic stage”, „stage of philosophical studies” or „discipleship”, „stage of theological studies” or „configuration to Christ”, „pastoral stage” or „vocational synthesis”, human, spiritual, intellectual and pastoral dimensions of formation, specialised studies, propaedeutic, philosophical and theological materials.